Le Marche

Le Marche Logo

Coming from the rich and fertile Po valley in the north and crossing the borderline to the Marche, a typical landscape greets the visitor: Rolling hills, fields tinged in different colours, olive trees, scattered farmhouses and churches. Farther south the hills are higher and almost reach the coastline. Rivers and creeks seek their way to the Adriatic Sea.

The towns and villages are full of life and cosmopolitan. Monuments of the Roman Empire, the medieval era and the Renaissance in combination with modern life in Italy can be experienced in places like Ascoli Piceno and Urbino, this creating a unique atmosphere.

The Marche is located in the central area of Italy, bordering Emilia-Romagna in the north and Tuscany and the Republic of San Marino in the north-west, Umbria in the south-west, Abruzzo and Latium in the south-east and the Adriatic Sea in the east.

Ancona is the regional capital of le Marche. The region is divided into five provinces: Ancona, Ascoli Piceno, Fermo, Macerata (all parts of the ancient territory of Picenum) and Pesaro e Urbino (part of ancient Umbria). The Fermo is the fifth of the provinces. It was established in 2004 and became operational in 2009.

Provinces of le Marche

Ancona
Ancona
Ascoli Piceno
Ascoli Piceno
Fermo
Fermo
Macerata
Macerata
Pesaro & Urbino
Pesaro & Urbino

The provinces of the Marche have distinct histories, largely owing to the geography of the region: except for the river valleys and the often very narrow coastal strip, the land is hilly. In the 19th century a railroad from Bologna to Brindisi linked the Marche along the coast-line of the entire territory: inland, the mountainous nature of the region even today allows little communication north and south, except by rough roads over the passes.

In a traditional mezzadria system, under which products are equally divided between the owners and the cultivators of the land, the rather unproductive soil and difficult terrain was fairly highly cultivated. The port of Ancona was the only really good harbor, the other small harbors were used by fishing fleets: the Marche furnished a large contingent of sailors to the Italian navy.